Urban agriculture (UA) can help feed the world’s growing urban population using high‐density food production (HDFP) systems such as vertical farms and plant factories, which use electric lighting, and complex HVAC systems for environmental control. HDFP facilities use less arable land and water to produce food rich in nutrients and flavor, consistently and year round, regardless of location. Additional benefits of high‐density UA include food security, decreased energy use for transportation and storage, agricultural education, and jobs training. Challenges include: current vendor‐driven design approaches; building codes; capital costs; and the need for new integrated design approaches to maximize resource efficiency.
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